mom tossing her toddler into the air

11 Month Old Developmental Milestones

Your baby's ability to connect words to meaning is getting pretty advanced.

Your Baby is 11 Months Old. Now What Kind of Milestones Should They Hit?

As your baby hits the 11 month milestone mark their ability to connect the meaning of words to objects is pretty advanced.  AP Baby, anyone?

At this age, they are beginning to paint a clear picture of the characters in their story. Role play and imagination become really important tools while teaching your baby about their universe. Break out the doll stroller and play kitchen! Play tools in the kitchen can help them feel involved in mealtime. At 11 months, babies work best at their own pace, so give them space to explore. 


  • Understand prompts during story time
  • Looking to you to learn about different roles
  • Your babe will be able to clap their hands, wave bye bye, bang toys together, raise arms to be picked up. Maybe even say a few first words.   
  • You may notice that your baby is starting to understand that actions are broken down in steps. You may find that they start to expect certain outcomes from their actions.

This month on the Yumi Milestone Plan we’ll be introducing foods rich in iron, magnesium, potassium, and vitamin B6. Check it out!

Your Baby’s Brain at 11 Months

Break things down into steps 

At 11 months, your baby is realizing that in order to reach their goals they have to take certain steps.

Here, your baby is learning the art of storyboarding. For example, in order to eat a bowl of cereal, they must put their spoon in the bowl, scoop up cereal and then bring the food to their head and then their mouth. Let your baby manage these tasks on their own and provide encouragement when they do them well. For instance, your 11 month old can “help” with your daily chores. Show them how to dust off a countertop or put something away.

Now is also a great time to start teaching the basic differences about right and wrong. Start by establishing consistent rules like no tearing books and enforcing consistency. Be prepared for repetition and remember to model good behavior for your little one.  

Reading time is time well spent

You’ve probably noticed that your baby is showing increasing interest in books – yay! At this age, you should read books to your baby that name or label multiple characters. Around the 11-month mark, babies will more intently focus on a book and its images if there are individual character names. Studies show that their brains are better able to differentiate between the named characters of a book around this time.

Babies respond extremely well to prompts during story time. For example, you can pause in the middle of the story and ask them to point to the red balloon on the page. You should try to make story times interactive and encourage your child to participate.

Did you know: At this stage Iron is essential for healthy brain growth and development. There are two types of iron: heme-iron refers to iron derived from animal sources, and non-heme refers to iron derived from plant sources.

Your Baby’s Eyes at 11 Months

At this stage, babies are able to better detect and recognize danger. They may avoid certain locations or objects as they are starting to learn that they could get hurt if they approach that location or object. As your baby nears their first birthday, they’re likely beginning to develop a greater sense of “stranger danger.” You’ll notice that they are likely already exhibiting preference for faces that they see on a daily basis

Babies at their 11 month milestone are also more able to recognize fear. They will often look to you for approval if they spot something that is unfamiliar and will react based on your reaction to the item.

Your Baby’s Muscles at 11 Months

Standing and cruising like NBD

The next step on your baby’s journey to walking is a mix of standing and cruising. Your baby’s legs are getting stronger day by day. They’ve been practicing standing while holding your hands and holding on to objects around the house. Cruising is the natural next phase after they learn how to stand. Your baby will be engaging all of their larger muscles to allow them to cruise from object to person, holding on to different things as they go. They’re so close to walking, but still haven’t fully adjusted to using those large muscles, which means baby may tumble. Prepare for the occasional bruise and need for lots of boo-boo kisses.

A Note About Your Baby’s Shoes: If your baby is moving and grooving, but not quite walking yet, you should purchase lightweight shoes that are made out of breathable material. That means their shoes should have a soft sole – save those hard-soled shoes for when they’re older.

Did you know: Potassium is a type of electrolyte that is also essential for your body in order to function. It helps the body build proteins and muscle, as well as maintains normal body growth. Potassium can be found in foods such as sweet potato, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables, carrots, beans, squash, bananas, peaches, dates and prunes.

Your Baby’s Speech at 11 Months

Around this time, your baby is beginning to truly specialize in their native language — the language you are speaking to them. They are students of how you are speaking, down to the pace and rhythm of your speech. Research show that by 10 months, a child already prefers listening to lists of words that are most similar to the strong-weak stress patterns of their native language.1 Researchers have also noted, that even by this age, there are distinct differences in how vowels are articulated between American, French, Swedish and Japanese babies.

See related: The Endless Benefits of Multiple Language Exposure in Babies

Continue to read to your child regularly and expose them to more vocabulary — they are listening!

Your Baby’s Immunity at 11 Months

Studies show that infants who experienced repeated infections often have weakened immune systems, brought on by a lack of nutrient-dense foods. So it’s important for your baby to consume a varied diet in addition to eating vitamins and minerals specifically targeted to promote a heathy immune system, such as zinc and vitamin C. At this age, it’s also clear that your 11-month-old is quite the little explorer. Your baby is crawling, cruising, and (possibly) walking everywhere. This also means many, many more surfaces to touch. Of course, the latest studies show that early exposure to germs, such as spending time on a farm or having a dog, can help the immune system. However, it is important to be wary, especially during the dreaded flu season.

Bring those antibacterial wipes to the doctor’s office and public changing tables if you can! 

Read more: Coronavirus and Your Baby, What You Need to Know


Let’s build a healthier generation together